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Currently, the cost of electricity in Ukraine is about six times lower than the average European level. According to statistics for 28 European countries, an average of 1 kilowatt of electricity costs 20 cents. In Ukraine, the average price depends on the tariffs at which the population is served. Let's consider their varieties in more detail.
How much is a kilowatt in Ukraine?
Billing depends on the conditions of use of electricity and the place of residence. The lowest tariff rate for electricity in Ukraine is 90 kopecks per 1 kW, provided that:
monthly consumption does not exceed 100 kW / h;
monthly energy consumption is kept within 3000 kW / h for residential buildings in which electric heating installations are operated.
In both cases, exceeding the established monthly consumption rate implies payment for electricity at a tariff rate of 1.68 hryvnia per kilowatt. The same tariff applies to housing maintenance organizations.
What is a two-rate and three-rate meter?
Two-zone metering of electricity in Ukraine is possible after installing a two-tariff meter. Having such equipment, you can pay for the services of energy supplying companies in a systematic way, depending on the time of day. In the daytime, when there is a high load on the network due to high power consumption, the standard tariff rate applies for each kilowatt of electricity consumed. At night, the meter switches to accounting for another zone at a reduced tariff rate, because the load on the network is noticeably reduced. To calculate the tariff, special coefficients are applied. Thus, using a two-tariff meter, energy supplying companies evenly distribute the load on the network during the day, making electricity consumption more profitable at night. The benefits of a two-rate meter are as follows:
consumers save on electricity bills;
during peak hours, the load on the network decreases;
perfect combination of interests of the supplier and the consumer.
The night electricity tariff starts at 23.00 and ends at 7.00 in the morning. To calculate the cost at night, a factor of 0.5 is used. Accordingly, a coefficient of 1.0 is in effect during the day. Also in Ukraine, you can keep a three-zone accounting using three-tariff meters. The calculation of the tariff rate is performed as follows:
from 23.00 to 6.00 coefficient 0.4;
in the intervals from 7-00 to 8-00, from 11-00 to 20-00 and from 22-00 to 23-00, the coefficient is 1.0;
at times of peak load from 8-00 to 11-00 and from 20-00 to 22-00 the coefficient increases to 1.5.
Thus, when using a three-zone meter, the transfer of consumption intensity from peak hours to night time helps to reduce financial costs for the services of energy supply companies.
Impact of the development of alternative energy on tariffs
Currently, in order to reduce the load on the grid and reduce the cost of electricity generated, Ukraine http://max64.ru/ has a "Green Tariff". It provides for the purchase of electricity from private households obtained from alternative energy sources. At the moment, the capacity of such farms can reach 30 kW. Alternative sources are biofuels, solar energy or wind farms. It is profitable to purchase solar panels under a green tariff with minimal operating costs. The program is designed until 2030. It is assumed that the development of alternative energy in the future will help reduce electricity tariffs. This, in turn, will make it possible to abandon economically unprofitable thermal power plants that pose a threat to the environment.